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  • During India’s 2009 election, there were not enough uniformed personnel to guard every one of the country’s 828,000 polling places or to keep the peace during the campaign period. The Election Commission of India introduced “vulnerability mapping” to help election officials decide where to deploy the police and paramilitary personnel ahead of polling day. The state of West Bengal piloted the new tactic. Intense political competition and a Maoist insurgency...
  • Knowledge exchange—the sharing of information and experiences for customized learning—helps to lessen the knowledge divide, build consensus and coalitions for reform, and promote the concept of Open Development. In other words, knowledge exchange meets immediate, operational knowledge gaps by fostering the sharing of countries’ experiences. South-South knowledge exchange encourages cross-country partnerships that can help strengthen local ownership and leadership of...
  • Many people in developing countries rely on biomass, to meet their energy needs for cooking. Use of biomass is not in itself a cause for concern, but when resources are harvested unsustainably and energy conversion technologies are inefficient, there are serious adverse consequences for people’s health, the environment and economic development. SNV acknowledges the use of biogas as sustainable energy source. An overview is provided of the scope of SNV’s work in domestic biogas....
  • Vietnam‘s mountainous northern provinces are among the poorest areas of the country – they include the three poorest provinces and three others that are ranked 5th, 7th and 8th poorest. These remote and often inaccessible areas are mainly populated by marginalised ethnic communities dependent upon farming with few off-farm employment opportunities. Low levels of education further conspire to create a challenging environment for poverty alleviation. Against this background, and...
  • The paper highlights how open and distance learning (ODL) contributed to the development of human resources for the agricultural sector in (6) Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries. This was responding to inadequate agricultural knowledge and technologies required by farmers to reduce poverty, improve food security, and protect natural resources. Between now and the year 2020, the world population is expected to increase from 6.0 to 7.5 billion. Even today, 1.2 billion people...
  • Se propuso fortalecer capacidades de instituciones responsables del proceso de recuperación, facilitando la articulación de actores e iniciativas. Se brindó asistencia técnica promoviendo dinámicas de coordinación, sensibilización y capacitación; y enfoques de riesgo y género en instrumentos de decisión. Esta experiencia se desarrolla en las provincias de Ica, Pisco, Chincha y Cañete impactadas por el sismo de 7.9° (ML), ocurrido el 15 de agosto del 2007. La región posee una significativa...
  • A police to police arrangement between the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary and the Australian Federal Police commenced in 2008. The approach is different focusing on joint venture using behavioural change and improvement in service delivery. The focus is not on what is done, but how it is done. The Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary (RPNGC) is the national police force of Papua New Guinea and while many associate contemporary law and order problems with lack of resources and low police...
  • IUCN co-authored Pakistan's National Conservation Strategy (NCS) with the Government of Pakistan Known primarily as the author of the policy document, the National Conservation Strategy (NCS) which it co-authored with the Government of Pakistan, IUCN Pakistan took the initiative to put environment on the agenda of development bureaucrats. This 400-page document was prepared by a team of experts over a period of three years in 1992 involving more than 3000 people in training and consultation...
  • The case story describes UNDP Myanmar’s experience of working with more than 5000 self reliance groups and how the investments in capacity development complemented by livelihood support have influenced the lives of more than 50,000 women. The concept of Self Reliance Group (SRG) was introduced in 1998 based on the Indian NGO Myrada model of Self Help Groups. Currently there are more than 5,000 SRGs in Myanmar facilitated by UNDP through its projects. The objective of working through the...
  • A través del Taller Regional para Hidromensores, 21 profesionales de 7 países fueron capacitados en técnicas para la medición de caudales de ríos (líquidos y sólidos). Organizado por el Departamento de Desarrollo Sostenible de la OEA (DDS/OEA) como parte del Programa Centroamericano para la Alerta Temprana ante Inundaciones en Pequeñas Cuencas y Reducción de la Vulnerabilidad: Desarrollo de una Plataforma Regional, contó el apoyo del INETER (Nicaragua) y la OMM. El instructor del taller fue...
  • La construcción de un sistema de transporte masivo involucra retos institucionales, financieros, operativos e incluso culturales, por cuanto representa un elemento estructurador de la planeación urbana de la ciudad. En las ciudades con población numerosa, los sistemas de transporte masivo tipo BRT (Bus Rapid Transit), representan una solución óptima para el transporte de pasajeros debido a que tienen costos y tiempos de implementación relativamente moderados en comparación con otras...
  • CAADP focuses on improving food security, nutrition, and increasing incomes in Africa's largely farming based economies. It aims to do this by raising agricultural productivity by at least 6% per year and increasing public investment in agriculture to 10% of national budgets per year. CAADP is about bringing together diverse key players - at the continental, regional and national levels - to improve co-ordination, to share knowledge, successes and failures, to encourage one another, and to...
  • This Case is about cooperation between Argentina and Bangladesh for dealing with arsenic contamination of water and food. In Bangladesh arsenic is in waters for supplying a population of hundred millions. Moreover, well waters are used mainly for irrigation in agricultural production, and toxic migrates to crops, as in certain areas of Argentina cropland. Solving this problem with scarce resources is a big challenge and needs different approaches from very different countries and cultures.
  • Over the last two decades, Venezuela has developed its fledgling oil sector, at first heavily dependent on foreign expertise, into a major global energy player with progressively higher levels of indigenization. This took place through a combination of prudent policy-making and effective corporate management strategies. Capacity development has been most spectacular in the sub-sector of oil-related engineering and construction, which has involved joint ventures and development of technological...
  • Between 1986 and 2008, direct tax revenue collected by Ghana’s Internal Revenue Service nearly doubled as a proportion of the country’s gross domestic product. This case study offers an account of organizational change within the IRS during that period. When the agency became autonomous from the rest of the Ghanaian civil service in 1986, its leaders recruited a large number of accountants and lawyers, raised salaries by 50%-100% and instituted a collective bonus system...
  • Save the children USA through local NGO partners has implemented to empower women to enable them take new leadership. This case describes the success of the courageous, HIV positive women and how women are capable to take new roles of leadership. The greater and meaningful involvement of HIV-positive people has recently been adopted and promoted in Ethiopia. Though women are disproportionately infected and affected by HIV and the majority of members of PLHIV organizations are female, men are...
  • En el año 2009, Bolivia presentó un alto número de casos de dengue hemorrágico en las zonas tropicales del país, por tal motivo declara en emergencia de salud pública a dicha zona y solicita apoyo internacional. Ecuador en los últimos años desarrolló capacidades técnicas para enfrentar y controlar el dengue, por lo que envió una misión de 10 expertos en el tema que tendría como objetivo controlar la epidemia de dengue. La iniciativa desarrollada se centró en: Vigilancia epidemiológica Control...
  • Problems facing Tonga’s health care system intensified in the 1990s leading eventually to a decision by the government to address the ”core problem” - the Ministry of Health’s planning, management, and coordination capacity. This case explores how attempts to enhance MoH’s organizational capacity, and improve its organizational culture, were aided by: consistent and strategic leadership and political support, participatory approaches, a clear sense of the capacity...
  • Gender-based violence (GBV) means physical, sexual, emotional or psychological violence carried out against a person because of that person’s gender. Spousal violence is usually gender-based and is carried out by a spouse. While GBV is generally by a male on a female, it may also be female on male. A study by UNAIDS in 2011 highlighted that at least 60% of women in Africa have experienced physical and sexual violence from their most recent spouse or live-in partner. GBV has a number of...
  • During the 1990s, conflict of interest scandals in Brazil weakened public trust in civil servants and rendered many competitive processes like procurement, privatization and employment inefficient and ineffective. In 1999, President Fernando Henrique Cardoso created a Public Ethics Commission to confront these problems. Led by João Geraldo Piquet Carneiro, a Brazilian lawyer, the commission developed and implemented the Code of Conduct for Senior Government Officials. Piquet...