Sector strategies: key resources

Editor's Choice

The Political Economy of Policy Reform: Issues and Implications for Policy Dialogue and Development Operations  World Bank 2008

How can donors improve the effectiveness of policy reform processes? This study from the World Bank addresses the political economy of sector reform in agricultural marketing, and water supply and sanitation. It uses a social analysis perspective to analyse stakeholder interests, incentives, institutions, risks and opportunities. Development agencies should undertake timely political economy analysis and establish a sustainable process for building broad coalitions. They should also promote transformative institutional change that includes empowering forms of bottom-up accountability.

First Steps Towards Joint Capacity Development in the Transport Sector in Ethiopia

How can the transport sector in Ethiopia strengthen its capacity through a joint approach? How can fragmented, often supply driven capacity building support be transformed into a more coherent, holistic approach that addresses both sector-wide issues and capacity building in individual organisations, in a sector with multiple national public and private actors, as well as multiple development partners? These were the topics for the first pilot Joint Capacity Development Learning Event, held in Addis Ababa in October 2008 on the initiative of the European Commission.

Guidelines for Capacity Development in the Education Sector

The guidelines offer a holistic approach to support governments to analyze the status of education in their country, to set goals and work together in achieving those and making the best use of a country's strengths and balancing their weaknesses. They introduce a strategic, participatory and "best fit" approach to capacity development in the education sector, support a country government in preparing a sound Education sector plan, identify capacity gaps and existing resources for implementation and address capacity gaps with a CD strategy in a systemic way.

Good Practice / Case Materials

Asian Development Bank (ADB). Practical Guide to Capacity Development in a Sector Context (Working Draft, 2008)

This Practical Guide has been developed in response to the targets defined in ADB’s action plan for capacity development.1 It is in particular designed to increase demand-orientation and effectiveness of upstream technical capacity development support.2 The Practical Guide also responds to the recommendation of ADB’s Operations Evaluation Department to provide guidance for assessing capacity development needs and strategies.
Asian Development Bank (ADB). Integrating Capacity Development into Country Programs and Operations: Medium-Term Framework and Action Plan. 2007

In 2004, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) adopted capacity development as a thematic priority. By doing so, ADB acknowledged that strengthened country capacity is not only a means to achieve public sector performance but a goal in its own right. A working group was established to develop an operational medium-term framework and budgeted action plan to enhance the effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of ADB-supported capacity development interventions. This report summarizes the findings and recommendations of the working group.
UNDP Practice Note on Supporting Capacities for Integrated Local Development

This Practice Note provides UNDP staff and other development practitioners with a concise overview of the capacity challenges involved in local development as well as an easily adaptable five-step approach to address them. The note is not meant to be a comprehensive toolkit or guide but rather a review of different approaches to local development from a capacity development perspective based on best practices and lessons learned.
What Makes Local Government Work? Social capital, leadership, participation and ownership in Benin

The basic question of the study is to measure the impact of capacity development programmes on the municipal performance to improve the economy, the health and education, as well as the living conditions of its citizens. Benin’s municipalities use a municipal development plan to achieve this improvement. What is the relation between the performance in implementing the municipal plan and the level of social capital, the quality of leadership, the use of participatory approaches and the feeling of ownership? This study answers this question using proxy indicators for these concepts.
Ethiopian Ministry of Capacity Building

The Government of Ethiopia has declared developing capacity one of its main objectives. It formalized this commitment in 2001 by establishing the Ministry of Capacity Building (MoCB), the only country in the world to have such a ministry. The MoCB is a crosscutting ministry which, in addition to its own programs, works with other ministries- from the Ministry of Finance to the Ministry of Trade and Industry to the Ministry of Education- to enhance and accelerate those ministries’ capacity development efforts. The MoCB also focuses on private sector support and decentralizing the capacity development process to the regions

Developing Health Sector Capacity in Cambodia – Patterns, Challenges and Lessons

This report presents the findings of the second part of a study commissioned by the Royal Government of Cambodia to examine the contribution of technical cooperation to capacity development in the Cambodian public sector. The first study provided a general and country-wide overview of trends and experiences in the use of technical cooperation across the entire public service. This second study explores the various issues raised in the first report in the context of the health sector. The findings of both studies serve two purposes. First, to support the efforts of the RGC and development partners to improve aid effectiveness. Second, to serve as an input to the Global Study on Technical Cooperation and Capacity Development that has been commissioned by a consortium of development partners.

Useful Web-sites and partners

Health as a Tracer Sector – Aid Effectiveness at the Sector Level

Looking at aid effectiveness at the sector level is the best way to communicate widely about aid effectiveness. Examination of sectors allows for concrete measuring of results and in-depth understanding of problems. The Aid Effectiveness agenda has been confined to a restricted and high-level policy audience within agencies and international agencies. It needs to trickle down to practitioners and should be mainstreamed in all aid activities and at sector level. This is the best way to actually change behaviour. It offers concrete and tangible illustration of what the whole aid effectiveness/process and policy guidelines mean in countries.

Opinion pieces / discussion platforms

Five Key Messages: Recommendations for Capacity Development in Africa

The author discusses key messages emerging from the work of the World Bank’s Task Force on Capacity Development in Africa. He stresses that African governments and societies must take the lead in capacity development, which needs to be approached as a core area of country strategy for growth and poverty reduction. By Callisto Madavo. Development Outreach, September 2005.

Other knowledge resources

Will Patients be Better Off with a Decentralised Basic Health Service?

In Burkina Faso basic health services are progressively being decentralised to municipalities after the local elections of 23 March 2006. However, contrary to expectations, decentralization in many African countries has not lead to improvements in basic service delivery. This raises the question whether Burkina can fare better. This study analyses the nature of the relationship between four key actors (‘policy maker’, ‘service provider’ and ‘beneficiaries’ and ‘donors’) in terms of its effect on health service delivery. Risks are identified, which permits to focus on the restoration of the disrupted mechanisms of accountability. If no corrective arrangements are taken, the poorest patients risk paying the price.
Capacity.Org Issue 36 Capacity Development for Water and Sanitation

This issue of looks at the capacities that need to be developed in order for the water and sanitation targets for 2015 to be achievable. The main focus is on capacity needs at the intermediate and local levels, but links between macro-level policy making and local-level implementation are also addressed.
Norwegian Agency for Development Assistance. Review and synthesis of lessons learned from Institutional Cooperation and Capacity Building in the Environmental Sector in Norwegian Development Cooperation. Norad  (2008)

This study reviews and compiles lessons learned from Norwegian-supported projects/programmes with significant components of capacity building and/or institutional cooperation within the environmental sector.