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  • In December 1998, the Prime Minister of Tonga and the Minister of Fisheries requested FAO’s assistance in reviewing and updating the fisheries legislation as recommended in Tongan national plans of development and in the Tonga Fisheries Sector Review. In response, FAO approved an eight-month Technical Cooperation Programme in 1999. The initiative demonstrated the effectiveness of an intervention working at both an individual and institutional level in having positive impacts at the policy level. Draft legislations on fisheries and aquaculture were developed and adopted by the National...
  • At the request of the government, a number of FAO projects, under the Technical Cooperation Programme and the Government Cooperation Programme, have contributed to regulate access to and use of land and natural resources. FAO provided support to policy development and the drafting of implementing legislation, followed by support to implementation and awareness raising on the new laws amongst public-sector agencies and the wider society. The two latest Government Cooperation Programme projects have had a strong focus on developing the oversight capacity of the formal judiciary, and the legal...
  • Thua Thien Hue is a province in central Viet Nam with a coastline of 126 kilometres. The province is home to the Tam Giang – Cau Hai lagoon system, which covers five coastal districts and forms a source of livelihood for more than 300,000 people – nearly one-third of the province population. The numerous activities carried out in the lagoon put high pressure on the environment and risk undermining its natural resources. Upon the government’s request, FAO’s intervention started in 2006 and is now in its second two-year phase. The intervention is seeking to support the...
  • The outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in several South-East Asian countries have raised serious economic and public health concerns. In Viet Nam, the first outbreak was reported on December 2003 in Ha Tay Province. By the end of February 2004 the disease was spread in 64 provinces. Facing with many difficulties in dealing with such an unprecedented emergency, the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam requested FAO’s support for the control of the outbreak and prevention to the human transmission of the disease. Several donors and agencies including FAO...
  • A long-standing partnership between the Government of India and FAO has enabled Farmer Field Schools (FFSs) to be introduced and subsequently scaled up in the country. In Andhra Pradesh FFS, known locally as “Polam Badi”, has become the official method to train farmers in sustainable approaches to agriculture. The factors which contributed to the success of the programme are the following: Government commitment: The Government is committed to innovative approaches to building the capacities of its extension service to meet farmers’ needs, and supported the introduction of...
  • The Gambia has played a pioneering role in establishing community forestry in Africa since the 1990s. In 2000, it participated in the international Seminar on Market Analysis and Development (MA&D) for Community-based Enterprises Development organized by FAO. During the seminar, the Gambian Forestry Department expressed their interest in introducing FAO’s MA&D methodology into their community forestry initiative. From a 28-month pilot phase to the subsequent 20- month Technical Cooperation Programme, the Forestry Department worked to institutionalize the methodology, in...
  • 2013 Michael Scharff
    In 2009, Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono began his second term. During the election campaign, he had pledged to develop the country’s infrastructure, strengthen education, and increase business investment. But delivering on his campaign promises would not be easy. Because he presided over a coalition government, he had to convince ministers from competing political parties to go along with his plans. In addition, his own policy office was understaffed. He had few advisers who could help him think strategically about policy decisions, monitor implementation, and keep...
  • 2012 Cordillera Peoples Alliance (CPA); Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) / Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)
    This Education Manual on Indigenous Elders and Engagement with Government is meant for indigenous elders, leaders, organizers, and indigenous peoples' representatives in government, who desire to be of service to the interests of indigenous peoples. The manual aims to build and strengthen the capacity of indigenous elders in Asia to lead their communities during contemporary times, wherein indigenous peoples face serious threats to their survival in the form of development aggression, marginalization and violation of their rights to land, territories, resources and self-determination....
  • While development agencies generally meet under the auspices of the networks of the OECD Development Assistance Committee, there is no joint agenda on International Development Training. Therefore, a group of development training institutes (DTIs) met for a High Level Retreat on the Effectiveness of International Development Training, in Berlin on 4 -5 of June 2008 to develop this agenda. All development actors have a responsibility to promote the objectives of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, and the development training institutions sought ways to promote the pillars of that...
  • 2009 ADB / ADB
    The rapidly changing–and, at times, excessively complex–nature of development work demands diverse competences from aid agencies such as the Asian Development Bank. The learning challenges these present require the ability to work more reflectively in a turbulent practice environment. This publication broadly defines a learning organization as a collective undertaking, rooted in action, that builds and improves its own practice by consciously and continually devising and developing the means to draw learning from its own (and others') experience. It identifies the 10...
  • 2010 Saldanha, Cedric / Austral Foundation
    Despite all the aid and capacity development provided, many African and Pacific countries continue to fall behind on basic development indicators such as the Millennium Development Goals. The Pacific for instance, has been the beneficiaryof over $17 billion in development assistance over the last 25 years. Yet, the majority of Pacific countries still lag behind most of the developing world on their MDG indicators. The central issue is – where are we going wrong with regard to capacity development? There is obviously something fundamentally amiss with the models and approaches used if...
  • 2012 Herbel, Denis; Crowley, Eve; Haddad, Nora Ourabah; Lee, Maria / IFAD, FAO
    Continued population growth, urbanization and rising incomes are likely to continue to put pressure on food demand.  International prices for most agricultural commodities are set to remain at 2010 levels or higher, at least for the next decade (OECD-FAO, 2010). Small-scale producers in many developing countries were not able to reap the benefits of high food prices during the 2007-2008 food price crises. Yet, this upward food price trend could have been an opportunity for them to increase their incomes and food security. The opportunity that high food prices could have provided as a...
  • 2011 Morten Sigsgaard / UNESCO
    States affected by conflict are far from achieving the Education for All goals, and ‘capacity development’ is frequently proposed as the solution to their difficulties. This book investigates the challenges that war-torn Afghanistan faces in rebuilding its education sector. Case studies of capacity development partnerships between Afghanistan’s Ministry of Education and two UN agencies, an NGO consortium, and an education donor, explore efforts to strengthen the country’s education system. Based on the case studies, a number of key lessons are highlighted, including...
  • 2013 ACBF / ACBF
    This year's Report, the third in a series, focuses on an issue of great importance to Africa: natural resource management. The Report is holistic, yet focused on what African countries need to do individually and collectively to achieve effective management and good governance of the continent's vast natural resource wealth. The discussion covers both renewable and non-renewable endowments, with specific focus on forests, land, water, solid minerals, and petroleum resources. The Report offers analysis of the critical perspectives and contemporary academic and policy debates on the...
  • 2013 Rachel Jackson
    In 2001, the Electoral Commission of Zambia faced a tense presidential and parliamentary election. The commission needed a new mechanism to stave off conflict, clarify responsibilities for dispute resolution, and provide complainants with an effective outlet for their concerns. Inspired by the use of a similar system in South Africa, the commission leaders developed conflict management committees at both the national and district levels. The committees—comprising representatives from political parties, law enforcement, civil society, and faith-based organizations—mediated...
  • 2013 Mansfield, W. and Grunewald, P. / IDS
    Those working within knowledge management (KM) and knowledge brokering (KB) in international development are under increasing pressure to demonstrate the relevance and impact of their work. Practitioners lack best practice guidance on suitable indicators for external accountability (enabling practitioners to demonstrate the impact of KM/KB, providing an evidence base to justify investment) as well as for learning (allowing practitioners to determine which approaches to KM/KB are more effective, enabling improvement within organisations and across the sector). This publication is a report of...
  • 2013 Sevi Simavi / World Bank Institute
    In an inter-connected world, policymakers and development practitioners are eager to connect with peers in other countries who have overcome similar real-world challenges, learn from their experiences and build horizontal partnerships based on equity, trust, mutual benefit, and long-term relationships. Mounting evidence suggests that such exchanges, commonly referred to as South-South knowledge exchanges, can contribute to broadening development options, accelerating reforms and strengthening local ownership. The Art of Knowledge Exchange Primer is for those who are involved in such knowledge...
  • 2011 June Lennie, Jo Tacchi, Bikash Koirala, Michael Wilmore and Andrew Skuse / BetterEvaluation
    This toolkit aims to help communication for development (C4D) organisations to demonstrate the impacts and outcomes of their initiatives, listen to their listeners, continuously learn, and feed this learning back into your organisation and its practices. It is a key outcome of the Assessing Communication for Social Change (AC4SC) project, which was a successful collaboration between Equal Access Nepal, Equal Access International, Queensland University of Technology and the University of Adelaide, Australia.  The toolkit is guided by the principles of the Communication for Social Change...
  • 2009 Tony Land, Volker Hauck and Heather Baser / European Centre for Development Policy Management
    In recent years, the international community has been emphasising the importance of capacity development for the achievement of the millennium development goals and sustainable development more generally. The Accra High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, for example, which took place in September 2008, produced the Accra Agenda for Action. This commits signatories to taking additional steps to develop a country's capacity to determine and implement its own development vision. Yet despite the greater importance attached to capacity development, insufficient attention has been given to fully...
  • 2001 David Ellerman / World Bank
    While "central planning" is now held in ill-repute, similar social engineering techniques are still promoted in a number of different guises. Indeed, the basic default model of central government-imposed reforms and change, often backed by conditionalities imposed by aid agencies, suffers from many of the same problems as central planning. Ironically as countries moved away from centralized planning to the decentralized system of economy known as the "market," they still cling to centralized models of social learning, policy reform, and institutional change. Yet the...