Library

Filter
  • 2013 Rushda Majeed
    In the early 1980s, the poor condition of roads and other infrastructure in remote areas of the Philippines hindered economic growth and heightened regional inequalities. A major problem was the central government’s inability to follow through on its own improvement projects in far-flung regions of the 7,100-island archipelago. In 1986, President Corazon Aquino created the Community Employment and Development Program, which changed the way the government managed its rural public works program. Her administration empowered citizens to monitor the progress and quality of construction. In...
  • 2013 Rachel Jackson
    Sierra Leone's contentious 2007 presidential and parliamentary elections threatened to spark violent conflicts across a country just recovering from brutal civil war. To promote peace, the Political Parties Registration Commission (PPRC)-which had a constitutional mandate to regulate and monitor political parties to ensure their compliance with electoral laws-used national and district code-monitoring committees to encourage adherence to the electoral code of conduct and to mediate conflicts. The committees served as a dispute resolution mechanism and as an important early warning system...
  • 2013 Gabriel Kuris
    After gaining independence from Britain in 1968, the island state of Mauritius developed swiftly into one of Africa's most stable and prosperous democracies. However, the nation's newfound wealth-especially in the booming offshore-finance sector-created distinct risks. Corruption and money laundering jeopardized the country's reputation for good governance. In 2002, Mauritius passed laws that created an Independent Commission Against Corruption, with investigative and prosecutory powers as well as preventive and educational roles. Early missteps and internal discord discredited...
  • 2013 Rachel Jackson
    In 1994, South Africa's interim electoral commission accomplished a seemingly impossible task: navigating myriad technical and political challenges to hold the country's first post-apartheid election. Although the election ushered in a largely peaceful transition to majority rule, the months that preceded it had been plagued by political tension and violence. As the new and permanent Independent Electoral Commission prepared for the country's second national election, in 1999, it had to contend with the potential for renewed conflict and the weakening of many of the civil society...
  • 2013 Chiku Malunga, Charles Banda / Practical Action Publishing
    African cultural heritage, passed on from generation to generation has been the source of guidance for African communities in times of peace, uncertainty, birth, life and death. In this book the power of traditional wisdom contained in African proverbs is directed at organizational development and change. The result is a fresh new perspective on organizational management with important lessons for leaders, consultants, volunteers and expatriates working or preparing to work in Africa. Rooted in proven practice, the book specifically addresses the needs of leaders and consultants in African...
  • In the lead-up to LenCD's Brussels General Assembly, we are inviting the operators of the principal web sites involved in sharing knowledge about capacity development, and anyone else who is interested,to suggest ideas for collaboration and coordination.  The session on "Connecting CD Platforms" aims to plan specific initiatives for developing links, rationalizing work and collaboration between platforms with focus on capacity development.  The time available to us in Brussels for this will be very short (only one hour), so we need to make some preparations and begin...
  • 2013 Jonathan Friedman
    In 2003, Nigeria’s seaports were among the least efficient in the world due to inadequate infrastructure, corruption, and procedural entanglements caused by dozens of government agencies competing for slices of the ports’ revenue. Businesses suffered, investors stayed away, and shippers diverted their loads to ports in neighboring countries. Seeking to improve efficiency, ease the financial burden of administering the ports, and reduce corruption throughout the sector, President Olusegun Obasanjo invited private companies to manage Nigeria’s port terminals in exchange for...
  • Although there is agreement that CD is a complex process, monitoring and evaluation systems often focus on capturing relatively easy to measure results for accountability purposes.  A rigid focus on results can hinder and obstruct the CD process and be counterproductive in terms of development effectiveness, but ‘mixed approaches’ to M&E may offer the possibility of measuring both quantitative and qualitative results while also supporting learning. Key traps and debates in monitoring and evaluating capacity development include a lack of clarity about whether M&E is...
  • The importance of building coalitions of groups working towards common goals is frequently recognised, but coalition-building is a fundamentally endogenous process and it is far from clear how external participants can help.  The literature discusses how coalitions work to support reform and change, but there is very little knowledge about how to build them. Most coalitions in the development literature are characterised as ‘reform’ coalitions – groups of actors which have come together to push a reform agenda, usually but not always in areas of governance and...
  • The importance of strengthening institutional capacity to deliver sustainable results is widely recognised, especially in today’s climate of shrinking resources where achieving and demonstrating results, ensuring value for money, and improving efficiency are top priorities for development organisations. Institutions considered underperforming must evolve to meet these challenges, but institutional change is a difficult problem, and the best way for capacity development practitioners to support change may not always be clear. Please see the discussion paper Change Management for...
  • The Effective Institutions Platform is one of eight initiatives that came out of the Busan High-Level Forum to take forward the commitments made in Busan.  At the EIP meeting in Johannesburg (27-28 February 2013), LenCD members made several proposals for ways in which the network could support the Platform: Support the Global Partnership help desk by providing advice and contacts on capacity development.  The Global Partnership help desk is under development as a way of supporting organisations seeking to engage with post-Busan proceses.  As a learning network, LenCD could...
  • 2013 Diana Felix da Costa, Søren Vester Haldrup, John Karlsrud, Frederik Rosén, Kristoffer Nilaus Tarp / Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre
    The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Regional Capacity Enhancement Initiative provides about 200 civil servant support officers (CSSOs) from neighbouring countries to South Sudan, where they are twinned with counterparts across a range of ministries and sectors to rapidly develop core government capacity in a coaching and mentoring scheme. The initiative is promising as a new and potentially innovative model of triangular co-operation for capacity development for four reasons. Firstly, it provides a model of large-scale support to rapid capacity development in core government...
  • 2013 Gabriel Kuris
    When Slovenia became independent from Yugoslavia in 1991, the Central European country rapidly transitioned to free-market democracy, with strong institutions and low levels of graft. In 2004, the government established the Commission for the Prevention of Corruption to demonstrate its commitment to good governance during the application process for European Union membership. However, the new watchdog body, which had no official enforcement powers, soon faced deeper challenges than it was equipped to handle. It found that political and business leaders had colluded to profit from Slovenia...
  • 2013 Gabriel Kuris
    Conflict, cronyism, and a flawed privatization process damaged Croatia’s international image during its first decade of independence from Yugoslavia. After a change in government in 2000, a parliamentary consensus formed around the pursuit of European integration, but the European Union demanded real progress in tackling corruption, echoing citizen concerns. In response, the Croatian government created a specialized prosecution service called USKOK, the Bureau for the Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime, to work in concert with other anti-corruption institutions. At first...
  • The Government of Kosovo requested support from FAO to develop a medium-term strategy for Education for Rural People (ERP). The ERP strategy 2004-2009 was launched at a national seminar held in Pristina on 24 June 2004 by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development and FAO. The event was also covered by the national media. The main factors contributing to the success of this intervention were: Early involvement of government staff enhanced ownership and capacities at institutional level: Institutional capacities were...
  • The Government of Belize requested FAO’s support to update its legislative framework for biosecurity by drafting parliamentary-level laws on animal health, food safety, plant protection and biosafety. Five draft laws were prepared. The underlying factors that contributed to capacity development in Belize are: Government commitment to meet its international obligations: The Government’s strong commitment to ensuring biosecurity, evident in its signature of the relevant international agreements, provided the platform for implementation at national level. Internal reform of the...
  • In 1989, Central and Eastern European countries began a programme of land reform and farm restructuring as part of an overall strategy of transition from centrally planned agriculture to privatization and market development. The case study documents the experiences of Armenia, Serbia and Lithuania. Despite the differences in their context and readiness of their institutional and organizational structures, the three countries strongly recognized the need for modernization in agriculture and led the formulation process for a national strategy for land consolidation. FAO and its partners have...
  • In 2003, the Government of Slovenia, through the Slovenia Forestry Service of the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Food, requested support from FAO in order to upgrade analytical and planning capacities of its staff and other partners in an important area of economic development: the bioenergy sector. Within the framework of a two-year programme, FAO strengthened capacities at policy, institutional and individual levels through the combination of training, technical support and targeted studies. After the project was completed, the Slovenia Forestry Service and Forestry Institute...
  • In January 2002, the Government of the Republic of Zambia requested support from FAO through the Technical Cooperation Programme to obtain up-to-date information on the stock and utilization of natural resources. The Government’s focus of interest concerning land use was to put in place an integrated land use assessment system that would improve the management of land resources, and thus contribute to poverty alleviation, improved food security and sustainable economic growth. The Integrated Land Use Assessment (ILUA) intervention was officially launched in August 2005. Capacities were...
  • Given the interest of the four Caribbean countries, FAO worked closely with them to develop national food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) to promote healthy diets and lifestyles in Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Through their involvement in activity planning, training, field testing with the public and broad consultations, each country developed its own set of FBDGs, which became national policies. The factors influencing the success of the intervention were: Commitment to global initiatives. The interest of the four countries in developing FBDGs came...