Indonesia - Transforming Statistics to Actions: Human Development Index of Gorontalo Province

The integration of Human Development Index (HDI) into provincial development planning was initiated in Gorontalo province. The statistics was not only used to understand the situation, but also for development planning. With a complete portrait of quality of human development at hands, the government integrated the HDI into development budget.

As UNDP, we often say that human development is the "what" of our mandate, and that the capacity is the "how". To elaborate the transformation of the “what” and the "how" into the "promising next steps" we are now, we need to start somewhere. For Indonesia, there’s no place better than Gorontalo Province; home to some of the country’s successful regional development stories. Gorontalo is a relatively new province. It was part of North Sulawesi province, before established itself as an autonomous province in February 2001 not long after the 1999-2000 `big bang' of decentralization.

Home to almost one million people, the quality of human development in Gorontalo province was more acute than the other previously established Indonesian provinces—creating concerns for national and regional development agenda in 2004. The province was primarily challenged by high infant mortality rate, low school-enrollment, as well as low income per capita. Poverty is certainly a part of the challenges. In 2004, Gorontalo’s Human Development Index was 65,40 and ranked at 28th out of Indonesia’s 33 provinces. In August 2007, the UNDP, together with the Indonesian State Ministry for National Development Planning, initiated an effort to promote the integration of Human Development Index (HDI) into provincial development planning, and took Gorontalo as the pilot province. This development alliance was set to show-case that Human Development Index (HDI) can work as the agreed indicator. It is based on argument that one of the key successful factors of regional development is a local government that is well informed about the real situation of human development in the province; and using that information as a guiding tool in deciding the direction of development of the province.

Year of publication: 
UNDP Capacity is Development knowledge fair
Themes and sectors: 
Monitoring and evaluation
Themes and sectors: 
Public administration

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