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  • The preparation of PRSPs offers interesting experiences in civic engagement in policy-making. While participatory policy formulation is highly desirable, its design has proven hard to fashion and continues to be dogged by flaws related to quality and depth, conditionality and ownership of the change process. The preparation of Ethiopia’s recent PRSP demonstrated all of these issues. While it built on lessons learned from earlier papers to attempt more genuine participation, large capacity...
  • A world heritage site is a global public good. Its conservation, accessibility and the blending of these with local realities can test planning, execution, institutional coordination and commitment. Complex and multiple capacities are called for. In Cambodia, Angkor Wat is especially challenging not only because it is the world’s largest temple complex, but also because the site is in a country that has recently emerged from war and has 22,000 inhabitants. While an international umbrella...
  • From the time water and sanitation sector reforms started in Zambia in the late 1980s, NGOs and Civil Society Organisations had no defined space for their collective participation. As a result, their influence on policies and service delivery has been limited. Most NGOs have been focusing on implementing community projects with little collaboration with government institutions at national, provincial, district level and with other stakeholders. Similarly their interactions with communities have...
  • Beginning in the late 1980s, Rio de Janeiro suffered increasing urban violence as the drug trade moved south from the Caribbean.  The favelas, shantytowns and slums on the hillsides surrounding Brazil's second-largest city, saw a rise in both inter-gang violence and clashes between police and drug traffickers.  Innocent bystanders often died in the crossfire.  In 2007, working with the support of the governor, the state's secretary for public security, José Mariano...
  • Rice is the staple food in Lao PDR, and rice is produced in almost all the agro-ecological regions of the country. Lao PDR‘s diverse ethnic groups, wide variety of environments and long history of rice production have blessed it with the second largest stock of rice varieties in the world. While glutinous rice (also known as sticky rice in English or khao niao in Lao) is very popular, ordinary rice, black rice and other specialty varieties are produced for personal consumption and as a...
  • The financial crisis of 1997 created new challenges and brought to the surface issues that those involved in development and specifically in managing aid partnerships in Indonesia have debated for a decade. Interpretations of the causes of the financial crisis include: the country over-relying on sources of foreign finance; foreign agencies over-extending their influence in national decision making processes; and a lack of transparency and accountability in decisions-making and allocation of...
  • Of the 14,700 internally displaced families who left the 65 camps and transitional shelters, the MSS/UNDP Dialogue Teams supported in 2009 10,000 families, comprising 70,000 individuals, through preparatory meetings, community dialogues and mediations. No major incidents were reported despite complex political, social and administrative challenges. The dismissal of one-third of the army and prolonged social tensions and political divisions led to the civil unrest in 2006/ 2007. By the time...
  • UNDP launched community telecenters aiming: Enhance use of ICT in social and economic development Contribute to bridging digital disparity between cities and rural areas generate job opportunities Assist small sized communities to use technologies and empower women Participate actively in communities’ social and economic activities. Under this project, 44 community telecentres were established in most rural,remote and deprived areas within Syrian governorates. These centers offer...
  • La Asociación de familias afectadas por el conflicto armado interno de Ocobamba, entiende la importancia de organizarse y la participación activa como agentes de desarrollo que beneficia a los socios y mejora la condición socio económica de sus integrantes. El Perú vivió el conflicto armado interno, durante aproximadamente 20 años, que inició en el mes de marzo1980 al mes de noviembre del 2000, cometiéndose por parte de los perpetradoras como: PCP SL, Fuerzas policiales y militares, Comités de...
  • Esta experiencia es el proceso actual de desarrollo y fortalecimiento de capacidades de los actores locales relacionados con la gestión ambiental en la provincia de Ayabaca, desde el 2008, estamos construyendo participativamente un sistema local para el cuidado, aprovechamiento y uso sostenible del ambiente mediante instrumentos estratégicos concertados. Ayabaca, provincia peruana norandina, posee grandes riquezas naturales y culturales (bosques nativos, amplia biodiversidad, minerales,...
  • An NGO helped 13 sex workers to build a robust organisation of over 7000 women, using a variety of innovative methods of capacity development including shadow leadership, OD interventions and other management systems, which led to reduction in HIV prevalence from 20 to 5 percent in six years. Swathi Mahila Sangha (SMS), a sex work collective was established in 2003 with the purpose of creating an organisation that would be able to address issues of sex workers. Initially SMS, with a membership...
  • The project helped to develop the nationwide Government of Georgia Network (GGN), which offers a reliable e-network to connect remote agencies. GGN provides a swift and effective exchange of information between citizens and government organizations. “E-governance” was an exotic notion to most Georgians in 2006, when the Office of the State Minister on Reforms Coordination launched the nationwide Government of Georgia Network (GGN) initiative. The GGN offers a reliable network to...
  • A program to develop the capacity of individuals and organisations to contribute effectively to national and regional HIV responses through long term partnerships and linkages between organisations in the Asia and Pacific regions. The HIV Consortium for Partnerships in Asia and the Pacific is a collaboration of nine Australian HIV organisations formed to foster strategic partnerships and linkages between Australia and the Asia and Pacific regions. The HIV Consortium is implementing the Regional...
  • An SNV client (Tsega & Family Dairy Enterprise; milk collector and processor) identified a new business opportunity – marketing of “prime quality” milk and milk products - and designed a simple ‘quality payment’ system based on two different ranges of milk density, i.e. fat contents. The implementation of the system required capacity development of stakeholders, which was done under contract with SNV.
  • The Star Mountain Investment Holding Limited (SMIHL) is a Papua New Guinean (PNG) landowner holding company operating in Western Province, in the shadows of the huge Ok Tedi mine. From Dependency to Sustainability documents how the mine area community, with the help of experienced PNG facilitators, mobilized three generations of mine stakeholders and enhanced their capacity to support sustainable economic development in the years leading up to and beyond the closure of the mine. The initiative...
  • A 1993 Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID)–funded study reported that water and sanitation problems in South Tarawa, Kiribati had become critical and needed to be addressed in “as comprehensive a manner as possible.” This led to a series of interventions including several Asian Development Bank (ADB)–sponsored projects which focused on the community participation component that the Government of Kiribati had come to recognize as key to sustainability...
  • As articulated in the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005), country capacity is at the core of sustainable development. The concepts of capacity and capacity development (CD) are so all-encompassing, however, that practitioners have often found it difficult to make operational sense of them. According to the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD/DAC), practitioners should begin by asking "capacity for what?" and...
  • The daily reality of overwhelmed health and social services in many developing countries confronts staff in these fields with seemingly insoluble problems. While many contribute considerable knowledge and skills, they often lack the encouragement to act self-reliantly and effectively to address the issues that arise. Action research offers a way out of this dilemma, because it elicits existing knowledge and then devises appropriate responses to challenges, in tandem with all concerned. Since...
  • After three flawed national elections, the government of Nigeria faced strong pressure to reform its electoral commission before the 2011 vote. President Goodluck Jonathan appointed Attahiru Jega, a university vice chancellor with a civil society background, to chair the commission and lead reforms. With too little time to overhaul the commission, Jega brought in a small team of trusted advisers and drew upon a support network of civil society groups to extend the commission’s reach. To...
  • When Daviz Simango took office in 2003 as the mayor of Beira, Mozambique’s second most prominent city, the odds were stacked against him. A member of the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO, or the Mozambique Resistance Movement), Simango was one of just five opposition mayors in the country.  Mozambique’s long and bitter civil war between RENAMO, a guerrilla movement at the time, and the ruling party, the Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO, or the Liberation...