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  • In 2008, Ghana held a peaceful run-off in a hotly contested presidential race, breaking the pattern of violence that had afflicted elections in Nigeria, Kenya, Zimbabwe and several other African countries during the same period.  Since the advent of multi-party democracy in 1992, Ghana had held three consecutive elections that observers regarded as relatively free and fair.  However, the 2008 presidential race generated concern.  Previous elections had revealed substantial ethnic...
  • Swasti participated in development and is implementing the Gap Inc. PACE program in India. PACE is a capacity building initiative to empower women garment workers and help them realise their potential in professional and personal spheres, leading to enhanced quality of women’s lives, workplace effectiveness and business growth. The garment sector is a major employer of women from relatively poor socio- economic and education profiles. A large number are first generation formal workers....
  • In a post-humanitarian disaster situation timely and accurate information, in forms that can be used for decision making by various stakeholders, builds capacities to mount an efficient, appropriate and equitable response. The information exchange and communication strategy following the 2004 tsunami provides countries a model in disaster response. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami brought devastation to costal communities in Southern Indian states. Nagapattinam, in Tamil Nadu state was the worst...
  • Bangladesh and the Republic of Korea share the common strategy for accelerated poverty reduction and achievement of other MDGs. In pursuance with common development approach Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and Bangladesh Academy of Rural Development (BARD) launched the Integrated Community Development Project in Burichang Upazila of Comilla District in Bangladesh. The project aims at establishing participatory community development model to champion the national priority by...
  • The CDDE Facility was set up in response to the request from partner countries that more systematic and predictable support be provided to partner countries grappling with localization and implementation of PD and AAA principles and actions. The CDDE Facility aims to contribute to the three key results areas: Asia and the Pacific signatories will achieve the Paris Declaration targets by 2010 and the AAA actions by the time of the Fourth High Level Forum in 2011. Asia and the Pacific countries...
  • Nitish Kumar was elected chief minister of Bihar, India’s poorest state, in December 2005, when the state’s government was weighed down by two decades of institutional decline, widespread lawlessness and a society deeply divided by caste and religion. Improving law and order was a major priority of his new government. The main challenges were rampant criminal activity that curtailed social and economic life, a short-staffed and under-motivated police force, widespread...
  • This paper looks at the experience of the Environment and Sustainable Development Unit (ESDU) of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) located in Castries, St Lucia. The unit was originally conceived as the regional implementing arm for projects funded by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) at the beginning of the 1990s, but has since become a facilitating and bridging organisation responding to the needs of the Member States of the OECS. The study tries...
  • Recent experience with monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in Uganda has shown how M&E can be developed to contribute to national capacity building, rather than become a demanding, but unproductive data collection exercise. Symptoms of M&E overload have been addressed by assigning coordination responsibility to the Office of the Prime Minister. Prospects are now improving for aligning M&E capacity with strengthening cost-effectiveness and achievement of value for money in service...
  • In 2006, Liberia’s only functioning seaport was a quagmire, riddled by corruption, cargo theft, and a glut of untrained workers. These problems combined to slow the delivery of relief supplies that were badly needed after a 14-year civil war, which had ended three years earlier. A battle site, the Freeport of Monrovia suffered from war damage and years of neglect. It was in danger of shutting down completely. The responsibility to upgrade the infrastructure and improve...
  • After Liberia’s 14-year civil war ended in 2003, the government began to overhaul its security sector. The Liberia National Police (LNP), whose capacity was ravaged and reputation tarnished during the war, sought to improve its services and build the community’s trust. Gender-sensitive reform at the LNP was high on President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s agenda, given low numbers of women in the security sector and high rates of sexual and gender-based violence. ...
  • Landmines affect over 1.3 million people in Sudan. For this reason, UNDP has been on the ground building the capacity of demining authorities since 2004. Its work not only focuses on activities in the minefield, it also covers legislation, policy, strategy, and human resource development. In places contaminated by landmines, simple tasks like fetching water can be deadly. Sudan is one of those places. Though the true extent of the problem remains unknown, it is estimated that up to 19 of the...
  • Light for all campaign by promoting cheaper Solar Tukis has reached nearly 15,000 remote households in Nepal. The campaign has also enhanced national capacity to disseminate Solar Tukis to wider scale and formulate subsidy policy, which aimed to benefit additional 310,000 households during country's transitional period. The cost of Maoist insurgency in Nepal is very high. Many of the development initiatives could not be carried out due to conflict and low security situation. During the...
  • El proyecto AméricaLatinaGenera trabaja en la vinculación del enfoque de género con el de gestión de riesgos en América Latina desde 2006 con dos estrategias fundamentales, la gestión del conocimiento y el desarrollo de capacidades. Los riesgos también se construyen socialmente. El incremento del número de desastres asociados a eventos naturales y de sus fatales consecuencias, ha puesto de manifiesto la evidente relación que existe entre desarrollo humano, la vulnerabilidad diferenciada de la...
  • RedEAmérica es una iniciativa privada que promueve el desarrollo de base para reducir la pobreza y la inequidad en Latinoamérica, a través del fortalecimiento de capacidades colectivas de organizaciones de escasos recursos y la creación de vínculos entre organizaciones y con otros actores. En el año 2002 se creó RedEAmérica, una red temática conformada por fundaciones, empresas, institutos y asociaciones de origen empresarial para promover el desarrollo de base, entendido como el...
  • The ITEC Civilian Training Programme was created to share Indian expertise in a range of fields to develop human capital in other developing countries (particularly the LDCs). The Government of India provides participants in the programme return airfare, course fees, accommodation, and a modest allowance. Participants may take courses from 45 reputed Indian institutions in government, information technology, telecommunications, management, SME/rural development, renewable energy, and other...
  • La cooperación Sur-Sur contribuye a crear responsabilidad compartida y solidaridad entre los países vecinos donde sus especialistas conocen la realidad económica, cultural y social. Es la primera CSS con Colombia sobre temas en los cuales Costa Rica tiene amplia experiencia y liderazgo, y con concurrencia de públicas y privadas. Se pretendió afianzar la relación Costa Rica – Colombia, construyendo conjuntamente un programa bilateral CSS sólido y permanente.
  • In 2007 the Uruguayan government set out to undertake a process of institutional reform regarding international aid management and geared towards increasing the impact of aid in national and regional development. During this process the program coordination settled for a strategy based upon partnerships with key agencies in the region, in the framework of south-south cooperation agreements.
  • Fragile states pose a challenge for good leadership—for renewal and reform. States in the grip of poverty, with broken socioeconomic infrastructure and a political culture of impunity, require courageous leadership, one that is unafraid of risks and able to challenge itself to be innovative and look toward the future. In this brief, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of the Republic of Liberia, shares lessons learned from her experience in leading a post-conflict country. She emphasizes the...
  • When Bitange Ndemo became permanent secretary of Kenya’s Ministry of Information and Communications in 2005, he was well aware of the difficulty Kenyans faced when they tried to get information from the government. He knew that easier access to government data on topics ranging from demographics to education could help spur innovation in business and technology and help drive the country’s economic growth. The Official Secrets Act under former President Daniel arap Moi had long...
  • After the 1998 parliamentary elections resulted in violent riots and a foreign military intervention, Lesotho’s leading political parties negotiated a new electoral model that increased the competitiveness of small parties. For the 2002 elections, the newly empowered Independent Electoral Commission worked to reform voter registration, educate voters about the new system, increase transparency, and build relationships of trust with political parties and the public. Careful,...